|Milestones related to Speech and Language:
The course of children's development is mapped using a chart of developmental milestones. These milestones are behaviors that emerge over time, forming the building block for continued learning.
|First 3 months
Becomes startled at loud noises
Is soothed by calm, gentle voices
Likes to cuddle and enjoys being held
Cries, gurgles, grunts, says "ah"
Has strong muscles in cheeks and tongue
Shows no reaction to sound
Tries to "talk" to you
Enjoys interacting with you and smiles at you
Establishes eye contact with mother
Watches your face with interest when you talk
Coos and squeals for attention
Has a special cry when hungry
Laughs during play
Repeats some sounds often
Are any of the above behaviors absent?
Babbles using a variety of sounds (i.e., baba, dada, nana)
Begins to use jargon (babbling that sounds like real talking)
Uses speech intentionally for the first time
Uses gestures to communicate (waving bye, pointing)
Tries to sing along with radio or TV
Laughs and may imitate cough
Understands some common words when used with gestures (i.e., "bye-bye", "up", "give me" and own name)
Responds to own name
Recognizes words for common objects
Are you concerned about your child's responsiveness or babbling?
Does your child have recurrent ear infections?
Uses 3-10 words, primarily nouns
Expresses wants by using gestures and vocalizations
Nods "yes" and shakes head for "no"
Understands simple questions/statements (i.e., "Where is your nose?", "Give me…"
Recognizes pictures of familiar persons
Enjoys rhythm and likes to "dance" to music
Plays by him/herself
Does you child not talk at all?
Is your child sociable?
Says some 2 word sentences such as "more milk", "all gone", "me go"
Asks for a cookie or toy
Pronouns emerge (i.e., me, mine)
Asks questions (i.e., "go bye-bye?" "Where mommy?")
Uses 50-100+ words
Understands "where is mommy/daddy?"
Understands more words than can speak/say
Understands 300+ words
Enjoys listening to stories
Follows two-step commands (e.g., "Get the ball and put it on the table.")
Knows 5 body parts
Speech is understood 25-50% of the time
Does your child use more gestures than words?
Are you concerned about your child's ability to talk and/or understand?
Combines words in 3-4 word sentences (e.g., "Me do it.")
Uses 200-300 words
Uses action verbs (e.g., "go")
Answers simple questions (i.e., What's your name?', "Which one is the big doll?")
Can put a toy "in", "on", "under" when asked
Answers simple questions about objects (e.g., "Which one do we eat with?")
Understand 500-900 words
Understands concepts such as one/all, on/off, big/little
Speech is understood 50-70% of the time
Uses consonants (p, b, m, n, h, w) correctly
Does your child show frustration when trying to talk?
Do you have difficulty understanding your child's speech?
Does your child put 2 words together?
Tells first and last name
Tells a short story (e.g., two kids played blocks)
Gives directions such as "Fix this for me."
Asks many questions (i.e., "what", "where", "why")
Expresses feelings (i.e., happy, sad)
Consistently uses plurals, possessives, verbs
Understands questions about a picture story (e.g., "Where did the dog go?")
Understands 800-1500 words
Follows 3-step directions
Plays in groups
Speech sounds are 80% intelligible
Is your child's speech difficult to understand?
Are your child's speech skills not at age level described?
Describes objects and events
Can show you "top", "bottom", and several colors
Uses 1,000- 2,000 words
Communicates easily with peers and adults
Uses 8-10 word sentences
Uses grammatically correct sentences
Understands 2,800 words
Answers questions regarding object functions (e.g., "What do you do with a spoon?")
Answers complex "wh" questions
Demonstrates complex role plays
Shows interest in group activity
Plays simple games
Does your child use complete sentences?
Does your child stutter?
Does your child not seem to be able to follow directions?
Vocabulary of approximately 2,000-3,000 words
Uses almost all adult forms and structures, with occasional errors
Tells stories, asks questions, exchanges information
Tells imaginative tales and familiar stories
Can answer telephone and carry on logical conversations
1. Information compiled by CA Speech-Language=Hearing Association Dist. 2 Better Hearing and speech Month Committee (1997) from a variety of sources which include ASHA (1983); Shipley & McAfee (1993); Lippke, Diekey, Solmar, and Soder (1997); and Owens (1996)